Vitamin B3(Niacin) is part of a water soluble group of vitamins known as vitamin B complex. It exists in a number of forms, namely niacin, niacinamide and nicotinic acid. Vitamin B3 foods are comprised of broccoli, carrots, cheese, eggs, milk, fish and whole wheat sources. Herbs with vitamin B3 are burdock root, chamomile, eyebright, licorice, parsley, peppermint and rose hip.
Pellagra occurs when there is vitamin B3(Niacin) deficiency. Niacin deficiency is associated with symptoms like depression, dementia, chronic fatigue, bad breath (halitosis), appetite loss, poor digestion and muscle weakness.
Vitamin B3 is chiefly involved in proper circulation and maintenance of healthy skin. Plus, this vitamin is essential in normal nervous system functions, carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism, and hydrochloric acid production for good digestion and absorption. In addition, vitamin B3 promotes bile secretion and formation of sex hormones. Niacin also has a cholesterol lowering property. It may be beneficial for persons suffering from schizophrenia and disorders affecting the brain and cognitive functions.
Niacin flush results from excessive vitamin B3 levels. Although relatively harmless, this condition is accompanied by the appearance of red rash and a tingling sensation.