Vitamin B12 (Cyanocobalamin)
A water soluble vitamin, vitamin B12, or cyanocobalamin, is essential for anemia prevention. Brewer’s yeast, eggs, kidney, liver, dairy products and seafood like herring, and mackerel are vitamin B12 foods. This vitamin is found solely in animal sources. Strict vegetarians and vegans require vitamin B12 supplementation since they refrain from consuming animal based foods.
Vitamin B12 deficiency may be caused by poor vitamin absorption which occurs commonly in elderly people or individuals suffering from digestive disorders. Vitamin B12 deficiency can lead to depression, chronic fatigue, headaches, nervous tension and worst of all, pernicious anemia.
The major function of vitamin B12 is to prevent anemia. How? The vitamin aids folic acid in the regulation of red blood cell formation and enhances iron utilization by cells. It stimulates proper cell renewal and cell growth, along with cell longevity. Furthermore, vitamin B12 promotes good digestion and absorption of nutrients, protein synthesis and fat and carbohydrate metabolism.
Cyanocobalamin protects against nerve damage and maintains the fatty structures enclosing cell membranes. It is also involved in the production of acetylcholine, a neurotransmitter important for memory, mental and cognitive functions.
All these functions of vitamin B12 add up to proper growth and development processes. Studies also suggest the efficacy of vitamin B12 in enhancing fertility.
Intake of vitamin B12 is considered safe at almost all levels, given its solubility in water.
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