Biotin, called as vitamin H or vitamin B7, is part of the B complex vitamins. This micronutrient is both water-soluble and sulphur-containing. The main role of biotin is mainly involved with cell growth and functions so biotin deficiency manifests in the hair, skin and nails. The lack of biotin may result in brittle hair, hair loss or hair thinning, and appearance of red rash around the mouth, eyes or nose.
The biotin vitamin serves as a coenzyme which helps facilitate fat and carbohydrates metabolism. Hence, it supports normal cholesterol levels in the body for a healthy cardiovascular system. This vitamin also helps in the management of diabetes as it promotes normal blood sugar levels.
Additionally, biotin assists in the breakdown of branched amino acids to be easily absorbed and utilized by the body.
Biotin is also responsible for carbon dioxide fixation to assist in better gas exchange in the respiratory tract. Finally, this vitamin aids in alleviating nervous system disorders like depression and hallucinations in order to promote good mental health.
Additionally, there has been increasing use of biotin for hair growth.
Biotin is safe to use as vitamin toxicity is rare. It may also be taken in conjunction with other B complex vitamins for optimal nutrient ratio in the body.